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How Much Does It Cost To Own a Dog? A Yearly & Lifetime Cost Overview

There are so many costs to consider when adopting a new dog. From collars and leashes to food and vet bills, your new furry friend is guaranteed to bring big bills alongside its abundance of love. Let's explore all of the different costs you should expect when bring a new dog into your home.


Last Updated: August 18, 2023 | 8 min read

Cost To Own a Dog

A puppy is a present that many kids add to their Christmas and birthday lists every year. But owning a dog is expensive, and it’s not something to be undertaken lightly. Unfortunately, animal rescue centers and shelters are full of dogs that people bought in a fit of enthusiasm without researching exactly how much their pet’s upkeep would cost.

The cost of keeping a dog is much more than just adopting a new pup. You’ll be buying your pet some food, a collar, and a leash.  The estimated cost of owning a dog averages $1,400-$3,400 per year. Some breeds have a life expectancy of at least 15 years, and that’s a lot of cash to uncover.

Many factors come into play when it comes to the cost of keeping a dog. For example, large dogs tend to cost more than small dogs and senior dogs may need regular medication and special food to keep them healthy. Even where you live can influence the final bill.

Let’s take a detailed look at the many factors that can influence the cost of keeping your new best friend for the whole of his life.

Buying Your Puppy

Your first expense will be choosing and buying a puppy or a dog.

You could buy a puppy from a breeder. Obviously, a pedigree dog will be expensive, but even some designer cross-breeds can come with a hefty price tag. If you buy a dog from a licensed, reputable breeder, you can expect to pay upwards of $700, depending on how well-bred the puppy is.

Never buy a puppy from a puppy mill. A puppy from one of these operations will undoubtedly be cheaper than one purchased from a licensed breeder, but there’s a good chance that it will also be unhealthy. Also, puppy mills exist purely as a commercial exercise to make as much money from selling puppies as possible. Consequently, the conditions in which the parent dogs and their pups are kept are very often poor, and the animals typically suffer terribly.

An alternative to buying a dog from a breeder is to find one at a charity or shelter. There are literally thousands of unwanted dogs and puppies that are living in shelters throughout the U.S. that are just waiting for a loving, forever home.

Some shelters take in specific breeds, so you may find your dream dog there for much less money than you’d have to pay a breeder. However, do bear in mind that rescue dogs come with unknown histories and may have health problems too.

Adding Up The Costs

Now, let’s get into the nitty-gritty of how much your new four-legged friend’s upkeep is going to cost you.

Typically, owning a dog is the most expensive in the first year. That’s because you’ll have lots of new things to buy for your pet, and there will be some essential veterinary bills to pay too.

Often, senior dogs over ten years of age will begin to develop age-related health conditions such as arthritis, which may mean you will be paying out for ongoing medication for the rest of your dog’s life.

Vet Check, Vaccinations & De-Worming

No matter where you find your dog, your first job is to take him to a good veterinarian for a check-up.

If you buy a puppy, he should come with health check records, and he should also have had his first set of vaccinations. Most shelters also have their dogs health-checked and vaccinated before they are rehomed. However, you should still have your new dog looked over by your vet. Puppies may need their second booster vaccinations so that they can begin socialization training around other dogs.

To remain protected against diseases, your dog will need booster vaccinations every year.

All dogs need regular de-worming and flea treatments throughout their lives.

So, how much will all that cost?

Well, a veterinary consultation typically costs around $60. Vaccination prices vary, depending on what shots are required, but you can expect to pay up to $100. De-worming and preventative flea treatments cost around $30 and repeat every month.

As dogs get older, they often require dental treatment, including teeth cleaning. The cost of a dental exam and cleaning ranges from $300 to $800.


It’s essential that you have your pet microchipped. That’s actually now the law in some countries, including the U.K. A microchip means that you stand much more chance of being reunited with your pet if he gets lost or is stolen.

Microchipping usually costs around $45.


Unless you’re planning on using your new dog as a stud or brood animal, it’s sensible to have him or her de-sexed. There are too many unwanted puppies, and you don’t want to add to the burden on animal shelters by not being a responsible owner.

Also, entire male dogs can be a nuisance if they catch wind of a female dog in heat, and your boy won’t be allowed in the dog park unless he’s been neutered. Female dogs can become broody and suffer from false pregnancy if they are not spayed. Older, unspayed female dogs commonly suffer from a potentially fatal condition called pyometra, which causes the womb to become infected.

The cost of spaying or neutering surgery is around $200.

Dog License

Every U.S. state requires that all pet dogs are licensed. The cost of licensing varies, depending on where you live, but it’s usually around $20 per year.  Sometimes this can be more, and you can incur penalties if you don’t register your dog in a timely fashion.

Essential Items For Dogs

Before you welcome your new dog home, you’ll need to invest in a few essential basic items for his comfort and well-being.


You’ll need a leash to go with your dog’s harness. Sometimes, you can find a bargain buy where the leash is included with the harness or collar. A good quality dog leash will set you back around $20, although you can find cheaper alternatives.


A harness is much better for walking your dog than a traditional collar and leash. Dogs that pull and jump have been known to injure themselves when wearing a collar. A harness is much more sympathetic and safer for your pet.

Harnesses come in many different designs and vary in price from a few dollars to $30.

Collar & ID Tag

Although you’re going to be using a harness to walk your dog, most U.S. states insist that, by law, each pooch must wear a collar with his ID tags attached. A good quality adjustable dog collar will cost around $15.


Your dog will need at least two beds to allow you to swap them around and wash them regularly. That keeps doggy odor down and means that Fido will never be without a bed, even if he decides to chew one to pieces.

Dog beds vary in price from $20 to over $100 if you want to keep your new furry friend in luxury.

Food And Water Dishes

Your dog will need a food dish and a water bowl. Again, prices vary, depending on whether you buy a cheap plastic bowl or a more expensive ceramic or metal one. Ceramic or metal is best, as it’s easier to keep clean and is, therefore, more hygienic than plastic. Expect to pay around $20 for a decent-quality food and water bowl set.


Puppies and adult dogs both love playing with you and with their toys. Be prepared to replace toys frequently during the life of your dog, as they do tend to become worn out, especially if you have an aggressive chewer. The cost of toys varies tremendously from a couple of dollars to $20 plus.

Food And Treats

It’s essential that you feed your pet high-quality dog food that’s appropriate for his age, size, breed, health, and activity levels. Also, you’ll need to buy some healthy treats for your pet.

Depending on size and quality, you can expect to pay between $20 and $60 per month to feed your dog. If your furry friend has a health condition that requires a prescribed veterinary diet, feeding him will be more expensive. Prescription and therapeutic diet foods usually cost around $100 per month. If your pup is a gourmand, expect to pay $50-150 per month for a high-quality, fresh dog food service that delivers to your home.

Dog Crate

If you’re buying a puppy, you’ll need a crate. Puppy crates are essential for training your puppy and for safely keeping your pet contained so that he doesn’t wander into areas of your home that are off-limits.

Grooming Tools

Even short-haired dogs need grooming regularly, and if you choose a long-haired breed, you can expect to spend lots of time brushing your dog.

A basic grooming kit will comprise a wide-toothed comb, a slicker brush, and a soft-bristled brush. You’ll also need some dog shampoo and coat conditioner for bath times. Some breeds need regular visits to a professional dog groomer, especially if they have a coat that needs stripping or grinding down their nails with a dremel or grinder.

The cost of buying a grooming kit and paying for trips to the groomer will cost you between $40 and $500 every year.

Pet Insurance

It’s easy to decide against insurance, assuming you’ll pay for vet bills as they arise. That’s fine, as long as your dog’s health conditions are minor and short-lived. But could you afford the fees if your pet required surgery or developed a lifelong condition? You could end up with bills running into the thousands and possibly face putting your beloved pet to sleep if you can’t afford to pay for his treatment. What could be worse than that?

There are many different options to consider when choosing the best pet insurance policy for your dog, so always read the small print before signing up. As with any insurance policy, be aware of any exclusions so you are not left high and dry when you need it most.

The cost of insuring your dog will vary, depending on the provider, but pet insurance for dogs typically costs around $50 per month. In addition to getting several price quotes, here are some key points to consider before signing up:

  • How long does it take to receive my reimbursement after placing a claim?
  • Do I have to meet the deductible once per year or for each incident?
  • How stable is the company?
  • Are customers happy with the service received?
  • Can I customize it to best suit my needs?

Obedience Training

If you decide to take your dog to obedience training classes, you should budget at least $40 to $250 per year. That will cover the cost of DVDs, books, and classes that you may decide to attend with your dog.

It’s possible you can save some costs and do training online or teach your child to train your dog as a fun hobby.

Boarding & Sitters

Most dog owners need to leave their pets at home occasionally when they go away on vacation. You could put your dog in boarding kennels while you’re away, or you could hire a pet sitter.

Many dog owners prefer to use a pet sitter, as that means that their precious pooch will have one-to-one attention. Often, a professional pet sitter will come and live in your home to take care of your dog while you’re away. That’s great for your dog, as staying in familiar surroundings is much less stressful for him than being away from home. However, pet sitters are more expensive than boarding kennels.

The cost of boarding your dog in kennels will vary, but an estimate for two weeks is around $300. You can expect to pay at least double that to hire a live-in pet sitter.


Although you may go through the whole of your dog’s life without an emergency arising, you must budget for unexpected setbacks. For example, if your dog needed an emergency veterinary visit and surgery, you could potentially be looking at a bill of over $5,000.

Doing The Math

To work out how much it costs to own a dog, use the handy chart we’ve provided for you below. Simply enter all the individual dog ownership expenses and calculate the total to see approximately how much your furry friend is going to set you back.

Final Thoughts

Welcoming a dog into your life is a wonderful experience that is incredibly fulfilling, especially if you decide to offer a loving, forever home to an unwanted dog from a rescue shelter. But owning a dog is not a cheap undertaking. Before you bring a dog home to share your life with you, use the chart above to work out whether you can really afford to pay for everything your new pet will need.

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