Did your dog just eat some coffee grounds right out of the trash can while you weren’t looking? Nothing beats a hot cup of coffee, especially if it is freshly made with ground coffee beans. Used grounds usually end up in the garbage or can be composted to use as a fertilizer in the garden. But what if your pup gets to them first?
Dogs are scavengers by nature and will try and eat all sorts of things! It’s not uncommon for dogs to eat different foreign objects due to their smell, taste, shape, or texture. In some cases, it can be harmful, or fatal. Unfortunately, coffee grounds can be harmful to most dogs.
If your dog just ate coffee grounds, your first call should be to your vet. But if you have additional questions, this article explores why they can be dangerous, and what you can expect once you contact your veterinarian.
Are Coffee Grounds Dangerous to Dogs?
Yes, coffee grounds have the potential to be toxic to dogs because they contain high levels of caffeine. Caffeine (a type of chemical known as methylxanthine) is a stimulant. In mild doses, it can have properties such as making us more alert and giving us a bit of an energy boost.
But in very high doses, it can have all sorts of adverse effects. Animals are also much more susceptible to the effects of caffeine than humans are so it can be harmful for them to eat highly caffeinated products.
Coffee Ground Consumption: Next Steps
If Fido just wolfed down some coffee grounds while you weren’t looking, there are a series of steps you’ll need to take. Contacting your veterinarian is obviously one of them, but your vet may need details before you do. Follow the below steps if you find yourself in this unfortunate situation.
Step #1: Remove the Substance and Secure Your Pup
You’ll want to make sure that you remove all coffee grounds from the area. You’ll also need to make sure your pup is secure, perhaps in a bedroom, or a laundry room. Somewhere that there’s no easy access to anything they shouldn’t consume.
Step #2: Examine Your Dog
Look your pup over, and ensure they aren’t showing signs of distress. Are there any signs of ill health? Are they trembling or collapsed? Any vomiting or diarrhea? All of these problems require quick veterinary assistance.
Step #3: Find the Evidence
Do you know if what they have eaten is caffeinated or could it be de-caff grounds? Could they have eaten anything else that might make them sick? If they have raided the trash can, they could have consumed other items as well as leftover coffee.
Step #4: Contact Your Veterinarian For Advice
Call your local veterinarian and let them know what has happened. It would be useful to tell them the approximate size or weight of your dog. You’ll also want to know the amount they have consumed.
Step #5: Follow Your Veterinarian’s Advice
Depending on the volume consumed, your dog may need to be examined. If your vet wants to see your pup and examine him, then make sure you bring him to the clinic as soon as possible, even if he seems ok at the moment. Symptoms can develop over time, so get him seen sooner rather than later.
Step #6: Prevent Future Accidents
Think about how you might prevent accidents happening in the future by disposing of the grounds more carefully or by using secure garbage cans. While you might think this is obvious advice, you’d be surprised how many dog owners end up being repeat offenders.
What Should I Expect Next?
If your dog eats a reasonable amount of coffee grounds you may see some of the following side effects, which usually start within an hour or two after consumption:
- Hyperexcitability (being more active and alert than normal)
- Vomiting and/or diarrhea
- Tachycardia (an elevated heart rate)
- Arrhythmia (an abnormal heart rhythm, skipping or missing heartbeats for example)
These symptoms are caused by the high levels of caffeine found in coffee grounds. These same signs of toxicity can be seen if a dog eats any product that contains caffeine. Some of these include whole coffee beans, instant coffee, loose tea or tea bags, energy drinks, caffeinated soda, and some types of diet pills.
What Will The Veterinarian Do?
If your veterinarian has concerns about your pet, they will ask you to bring them down to the clinic for an examination and treatment. They will check your pup over, looking at things like how they are behaving and listening to their heart for any abnormalities.
Treatment is aimed at trying to prevent further absorption of caffeine. Most vets will usually recommend medication to make your dog vomit to bring up the contents in their stomach. Similar to treatment for chocolate toxicity, activated charcoal may be given to help absorb any remaining traces of caffeine. This treatment regime is usually effective if your dog has been brought in promptly. Many dogs will be able to go home after following this step.
However, if your dog consumed the substance more than a couple of hours ago or if they are showing symptoms of toxicity then they may need further examination and treatment.
What Happens if My Dog is Sick?
Your dog may be hospitalized for intravenous fluids and monitoring. Fluids given via a drip in this way will help keep blood pressure stable, help them maintain their hydration, and also help speed the metabolism of the caffeine by ‘flushing things through’.
Caffeine can be reabsorbed through the bladder wall, so encouraging your pet to urinate frequently will help them get rid of it quicker. Alternatively, a urinary catheter can be passed to help keep any urine draining out. Blood samples may be recommended to analyze any underlying liver and kidney function issues. Then, your veterinarian will be able to advise you further based on those test results.
If your pup is showing any worrying cardiac symptoms, then an electrocardiogram (ECG) might be advised to get some traces of their heart rhythm. The vet will interpret these charts to see what type of arrhythmia is occurring, and medications may be needed to help counteract these.
If your pet is having seizures, then drugs may need to be given to help stop this. Sedatives are also sometimes needed to calm your dog down if they are restless or hyperexcitable. If your dog is very ill then they may need to stay in the hospital for a couple of days for treatment and monitoring.
Will My Dog Be OK?
Unlike when dogs eat macadamia nuts or other toxic foods, mild cases of caffeine toxicity do very well and most dogs will have no lasting effects. Dogs that have eaten very small amounts will usually only show minor side effects such as a bit of agitation and restlessness.
Dogs that have consumed greater quantities and are showing more severe symptoms such as seizures and cardiac arrhythmias carry a much poorer prognosis though. If these dogs aren’t treated promptly then they could die.
How severely a dog is affected not only depends on the amount they’ve eaten but also on their size. Larger dogs can handle a greater quantity than smaller ones. Dogs with underlying health issues will also be at greater risk of illness. To give your pup the best outcome possible you must call your veterinarian straight away and seek prompt advice.
If your dog eats decaffeinated coffee grounds, then the risk of them becoming unwell is very low. They may show mild symptoms of tummy upset such as vomiting or diarrhea, but as there is no caffeine present, they shouldn’t require any specific treatment.
Frequently Asked Questions
It’s important to seek help from a veterinarian if your dog eats coffee grounds. You’ll want to call your vet immediately if you find yourself in this situation. Caffeine in high doses can have many toxic side effects. The sooner you seek advice the better the outcome will be.
To prevent accidents from happening in the future, make sure any coffee grounds are kept well out of reach of your canine companion. Consider investing in secure garbage or compost bins to stop them from getting into your household waste. Most dogs do very well with appropriate veterinary care and will make an excellent recovery.