Black German Shepherds: Puppies, Genetics & More

German Shepherds are one the most most sought after breeds in the world, ranking 2nd out of 194 in popularity according to the American Kennel Club. Despite its decline in the first World War due to its German association (causing the breed to be renamed to “Alsatian”), these dogs are often found now in homes all over the world.

Although multiple color variations exist, one of the most sought after coloring is the black variant. Similar to long coat GSD’s, black variants are often declared as a defect, these dogs are not cross breeds and carry the same attributes as their black and tan siblings. Because of the rarity, they are highly sought after – similar to the White German Shepherd.

Because both the black and white variation are so rare, they are seen almost as collector type dogs, and because of that, puppy prices are higher even though they are considered a show “defect.”  Let’s dive in and find out how these beautiful pups came to be, and what you can expect when you are looking to add one to your family.

Black German Shepherd Overview

The black German Shepherd was a result of an accident. It isn’t known when the first black Shepherd was bred, but it was determined that the gene was considered recessive until solid black shepherds made it dominate. The gene only becomes dominant if the parent is also black.

All German Shepherds carry the black gene, but it isn’t typical for their children to stay black after 8 months. A true black Shepherd will be born black and remain black throughout its life. If you have a litter full of brown or white puppies, there’s a 0% chance of them turning black.

It’s easier to get two black German Shepherd parents to mate than to have one be black, or none at all. The likelihood of getting a black Shepherd with two black parents is high. However, it is still possible to get a brown or white litter even with two dominant parents. Tan parents that have the recessive gene have a chance of producing black Shepherd puppies as well, though it is small.

Build & Size

Black German Shepherds will exhibit all the same characteristics of all other German Shepherds.

• Weight range of males range between 65-90 lbs
• Weight range of females range between 50-75 lbs
• Height range is similar between male and female, about 22-26 inches
• Pointed ears
• Long snout
• Short legs
• Long tail
• Average tendency to bark
• Average tendency to drool
• Very energetic and requires a lot of exercise
• Life expectancy 10-14 years

The only significant difference is the color of the coat.

Coat and Color

A black German Shepherd looks very similar to an average Shepherd. They exhibit the same, traditional look of the breed with few differences. They often have a straighter back and tend to be larger when compared to the standard Shepherd. Their coat can range from long to short, with their long coat giving off the appearance of feathering, flowing or skirting.

The Black German Shepherd is solid in color, spouting either a medium or long coat. There are variants of the black color found on Shepherds which include black with tan, cream, silver, red, sable and spotted.

These colors are found as a solid color (the rarest), single-color coats, or a bi-colored or parti-colored coat which is mostly solid with marking of another color. Other colors include gray, liver, light blue, and panda.

Other Unique Shepherd Colors

Although rare, pure white, solid blue, fawn color, pure red and spotted black and white are also found. However, neither of these colors are accepted when it comes to competitions as these colors will only be found due to severe genetic mutations, or they simply don’t match the breed standards for the show. A breeds color doesn’t necessarily come with health issues, and neither of these do.

To know if your German Shepherd is genuinely black, you need to make sure there are no patches or stripes of another color. Black Shepherds have unique features that are associated with the color, including a straighter back. You’ll notice that the average German Shepherd has a slanted back with short legs.

Although black Shepherds still have short legs, they stand taller, making them appear bigger and stronger. There are black varients with spots, creme, silver or tanned patches or combined with a red coat, but these variants look like the average Shepherd and are hard to mix up with the black version.


Black Shepherds are widely known for their loyal, stable, and courageous personalities. They are trained to protect and make excellent guard dogs, however, they don’t deserve the negative press they’ve received. They are often non-aggressive unless trained to be this way.

If appropriately trained and socialized with children and other people outside their family, they will gladly keep a watchful eye on your baby as they’re sleeping. They do see their primary job as protecting their family, so they’ll keep a careful eye on your property and will notice when little things are out of place.

They will need to warm up to strangers, however, if you smell like someone in the house that they’ve warmed up to they’ll be kind to your immediately. Once you’re their friend, you’re their friend forever. Being family orientated comes with its downside, as it means they don’t like being left alone for long periods and can feel anxious or stressed. This could cause them to destroy your house or bark loudly if not trained well.

Although not suited for first-time owners (they’re too smart for they’re own good), black Shepherds can be the perfect family dog if appropriately socialized.  Keep in mind that some Shepherd mixes might be a little more well suited for first time dog owners.


If they’re medium coated, you’ll have a low maintenance grooming schedule. If their coat is long, daily brushing will be required unless you want to risk knots and tangles. They have a double coat, which means a lot of shedding. Expect two blowouts (mass shedding) a year when spring and fall come around. Even with daily brushing, you’ll likely need to vacuum your house once a day to keep it clean.


The black German Shepherd is highly intelligent, which can make them easy to train – unless they’re not trained young enough. They thrive off of routine, positive reinforcement, and reward. Tell them they’re good boys/girls after every trick they do. Introduce them to many things: young people, loud machines, wearing hats, other animals, and farming equipment if they’re workers.

Shepherds need to meet children at a young age to understand that they can be irritating at times. Tackle bad behavior straight away, or it will continue.  When it comes to training on a leash, use a harness early if  you plan to harness train your pup.  Natural instaincts for many dogs is to pull, so you’ll want to stop that behavior early on.  The same thing applies to crate training – make sure you have the right crate for your German shepherd before you start.


You’ll want to take your Black Shepherd out often. They are highly active dogs and require up to 60 minutes of exercise per day. They are happy to hike mountains, swim, or play ball in the yard with you. Try out multiple different things with them, as it will prevent them from getting bored.


The bigger the dog, the more they’ll eat. Typically, owners will feed their Shepherd puppy 4 meals a day. Bigger dogs are predisposed to bloat, so it’s essential to slowly feed them as they grow up, or this bloat could become fatal. As the black variant tend to be bigger than their regular counterparts, they will grow faster and require more food than average. Fully mature dogs usually need 1.19 grams of protein per pound of body weight and 0.59 grams of fat per pound of body weight.

• Male puppies require 2,200 to 3,000 calories
• Female puppies require 1,700 to 2,500 calories
• Male adults require 1,300 to 1,800 calories
• Female adults require 1,000 to 1,500 calories

These are just guidelines. Pay attention to your dogs’ individual needs.


There are many specific issues related to the German Shepherd breed, and unfortunately, the bigger breeds like the black variety tend to suffer from particular health problems more than the small ones.

• Hip Dysplasia – Malformed hip joints
• Elbow Dysplasia – Malformed elbow joints
• Bloat or Gastric Diatation-Volvulus – When gas builds up in the stomach from overeating food too fast
• Epilepsy – Loss of control of limbs causing violent movements
• Hemophilia – Blood that can’t clot
• Diabetes – From overeating, the inability to produce insulin

The above are the most common, but Shepherds can also develop cataracts, degenerative disc disease, panosteitis, allergies, pancreatitis, thyroid issues, and cancer. A lot of these issues can be bred out of your Shepherd puppy, so make sure to ask for the parents’ information before adopting if possible. Keep in mind that the vast majority of these issues happen when they’re older.

Colors For Competition

Color during competition does matter when showing off your dog. Multiple colors aren’t allowed in most competitions including pure white, solid blue, fawn, pure red and spotted black and white as previously mentioned. Some colors such as gray, liver, light blue, and panda are deemed faulty by major kennels, but not always.

For the commonly accepted colors, pure black is included. For the dog to be considered pure black all of their points such as their lips, nose, rim around the eyes and pads need to be black. Their eyes also need to be black, as some kennel clubs do not accept pure black with blue eyes. Coats lengths do not matter – all coat lengths are accepted.

Black and tan, black and cream, black and silver, red and black, black and red, sable, dark sable, black sable, and bi-color/bi-black are also accepted.

In the past 100 years, many Shepherds have won tops awards over multiple competitions. One of the earliest was in 1899 when Krone won the Bunderssieger Zuchtschau award. Unfortunately, it’s rare to see the black Shepherds win awards in contests of any kind.

They are often overlooked at dog shows in favor of the classic breed look: black and cream. This doesn’t mean that these dogs are bad in competition, it is more likely that the association with the breed is stronger with the tan or sable color scheme. If you want a show dog, I would recommend passing up the black variant in favor of the sable.

Living with a Black GSD

Black German Shepherd in Snow

Black Shepherd offer great companionship, security, and loyalty and tend to get along well with most people and animals. Provide a comfortable, supportive bed, plenty of chew toys, and a large backyard if possible. They’ll need a lot of space once they get older and desire an area that is all their own. Put their water and food bowl in a place that’s comfortable and accessible.

Having a doggy gate may be a necessity if they’re puppies as you’re attempting to socialize them. Once they’re older, they likely won’t need it. Still, with how protective the breed is, they may need to be put behind a gate if they are too energetic when they see new faces.

Black German Shepherds can be comfortable living outdoors due to their large, double coat. However, it’s a bad idea to leave them alone for long periods as they’ll likely miss you. Purchase or build a dog house outside so they’ll have enough protection from the rain. Make sure it’s big enough – your black Shepherd will get quite large!

Keep your dog clean and groomed, their fur will attract dirt and mud and may start to mat if not washed frequently. If you’re going away, it’s a good idea to have a house sitter or take them to a kennel as they’ll require a lot of attention.

Finding a Black German Shepherd

Finding a reputable breeder is the most likely way you’ll find a black Shepherd. If you can find one at a local animal shelter though, it will save you a lot of money. It isn’t difficult to see a pure black Shepherd with your eyes as technically none exist.

Since it’s a birth defect, you’ll only find this color from a litter of puppies that is either from a black parent or of a rare puppy litter from regular parents.  Again, this is partly what makes the black GSD so rare.  They typically only come from two parents of the same color to ensure a 100% color match, which means you are finding the rare color of the breed to mate with another rare color of the breed.

Because of this rarity, you can definitely expect the price tag of these pups to be a little higher, which we will cover in detail next.

Black German Shepherd Puppy Prices

Black German Shepherd Puppies

Due to the rarity of the breed, the average cost will be a little higher. It’s difficult to determine how many puppies will be in the litter, so even if you find a breeder that breeds the black variant, it may not work out. The longer coat black Shepherds are also more expensive. Though the standard sable colored puppies range from $300 – $900, the black variant will cost you an average of $700 – $2000. If you see anything outside this range; be cautious.

There are a few things to look out for when shopping for the perfect Shepherd. As mentioned, black German Shepherds are born black and stay black after 8 weeks. If the puppy is less than 8 weeks – do not purchase them. If the breeder says they know for sure that the dogs’ coat won’t change color – do not buy them either. There isn’t any way of knowing until they mature past 8 weeks.

Reputable breeders will have no issue showing you the parents or papers of the parentage of the puppies you’re wanting to buy. A huge red flag is if they’re protective of this. A legitimate breeder will want you to trust them. Seeing the parentage can also determine potential health problems or the quality of the puppy.

Watch out for red flags as unscrupulous breeders will often try to pass off mixed breed puppies like a GSD/Black Labrador Retriever mix as a purebred.  While we have no problem with “designer dogs,” all puppy buyers should know what they are getting.

Final Thoughts

There is little difference between a commonly found German Shepherd and the black variety. These dogs are still large and in charge, showing off their striking coats, strong back, and tall stature.  The primary difference you can expect to deal with really comes down to price tag because they are considered a more rare coloring of the breed.

It’s interesting that what’s considered a “breeder’s defect” can end up being more expensive for the average consumer, but the market with dogs dictates what puppies will cost.  We can say this with confidence, it’s a fact that the Black German Shepherd is an absolutely striking breed, and you are sure to get questions about your pup, everywhere you go. Although they require a little extra care with frequent grooming and daily walks, these dogs will be your companion for life if you welcome them into your family.

2 thoughts on “Black German Shepherds: Puppies, Genetics & More”

  1. Hi Chris – we don’t actually breed dogs, just provide informational content about them. I appreciate you stopping by!

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